Deel jouw ervaring

dé expert op het gebied van verslavingszorg


Types of drugs

If we classify drugs by the effects they produce, then there are 3 types of drugs:

  • Depressants (downers): drugs that suppress feelings or pain. These include alcohol, sleeping pills, tranquillisers, opium, morphine and heroin. Hashish and marijuana (cannabis) are also used for their relaxing effects.
  • Stimulants (uppers): drugs that pep you up, such as caffeine, nicotine, ecstasy, cocaine and speed.
  • Hallucinogens: drugs that alter your sensory perceptions. Examples are magic mushrooms, LSD, and large or strong doses of cannabis.

What does it mean to be addicted?

Psychological addiction

You don’t get addicted from one day to the next. It can take months or years. It starts with the occasional use of a substance. Some people stick to that level, but others get carried away and begin taking the substance more and more. That happens especially if you start using alcohol or drugs to get out of a bad mood: you’re feeling fed up or stressed out, but a few drinks or joints make you feel better. Obviously that’s not going to help for long, and the bad mood comes back the next day. So you keep trying it again and again, and you need the substance more and more often. And otherwise you start craving it. You’ve grown psychologically dependent on it.

Physical addiction

Not only that, but your body gets more and more accustomed to the alcohol or drugs. At some point, they don’t help anymore and you need increasing amounts to get the same effect as before. You start taking higher doses. Your body now expects to receive alcohol or drugs every day. If you stop or cut back, your body protests. You may even get sick. That is called withdrawal symptoms. That is physical addiction.


ISO 9001 HKZ

Disclaimer | Privacy- en Cookiebeleid | © 2021 Jellinek - Alle rechten voorbehouden | Realisatie: Lemon